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stay out of war Lindbergh
IPaxItr F CENTS PAY NO MORE! imp THE THE WORLD'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER VOLUME C. NO. 93 C BEG. D. S. PAT. OFFICE. COPYRIGHT 1811 BY THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1941.-42 PAGES THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF -l. OT TTTl mfXTr ritnlVTmO IN CHICAGO ELSEWHERE THREE SECTIONS SECTION ONE -T- J. XULV--DJ iXTVU Uil-L J. O AND SUBURBS THREE CENTS D u bi v V-w GREEKS FORCED TO FALL BACK; 'SITUATION BAD' Admit Battle Can't Last Indefinitely.' (Map on page S.) ATHENS, April 18, Friday Greek soldiers engaged in the biggest battle of the Balkan war have been forced to retreat, but British and imperial troops have hurled back wave after wave of German infantry surging forward in almost nonstop attacks on Mount Olympus. An authoritative Greek spokesman said early today that Greek forces were forced to retreat in face of the ' increased power of German troops." "The situation is developing unfavorably," he said. "The uneasiness and regret regarding the military situation is justified. The struggle against two empires Italy and Ger many, which was Imposed on us by Germany, could not last indefinitely." Nation Urged to Bo Calm. Shortly after midnight the Athens radio announced that "general in formation from the front is unsatis-fr.ctory." " Despite our strong resistance," It was added, " the enemy is advancing. Our troops are withdrawing. Civil ians must remain calm. The bulk of our army is in Albanian territory. Commerce must continue functioning. We must prove that we are a firm na tion, even in difficulties." The Greek retreat, It was disclosed later, is taking place in the west and in Albania. The Greeks were fight ing a desperate rear guard action against the Germans west of Mount Olympus and the high command communique told of .a retreat from Erseka and Klisura, Albania. Eastern Hinge of line. In the Mount Olympus sector the Germans have continually thrown fresh troops at the allied line despite their staggering losses. Mount Olym- pus is on the eastern hinge of the main battle line, which extends from the Adriatic to the Aegean seas. The famous Olympus pass itself is held by New Zealanders. This eastern por- tion of the line extends for 25 r.niles from Katerina southwestward to Ser-via which the Germans say they have captured. All day and night Mount Olympus the home of the gods to ancient Greeks resounds with the thunder of Nazi dive bombers and Messer. schmitt fighter planes. Germans Thrust South. violent ngniing was going on in the Koziani plateau area where the Germans were " thrusting south after crossing the Aiiakmon river. . The Greeks and British continued their desperate fight to hold their center against a German thrust that already had reached the vicinity of the vital railhead of Kalabaka, 90 miles within Greece. The fall of Kalabaka, from where a railroad runs down the plains south thru Trikkala and curves back to Larissa, a key point on the allied east, would menace the whole British Greek right and would open the plains of Thessaly to the Germans. The Greek spokesman denied that the Germans had reached Larissa, which is 25 miles south of Mount Olympus. He said the Germans are "much farther north." German troops have appeared on the old Albanian front where the Greeks held back the Italian forces during the winter. They were smash- Ing heavily at Metsovo pass, which cpens the way for a descent on the allied western Greek anchor town Continued on page 5, column 4.1 ESTIMATE 50,000 NAZI SOLDIERS ARE LOST IN INVASION OF GREECE BV EDWABU KENNEDY. WITH BRITISH FORCES ON THE 3 REEK FRONT, April 17 IP). Altho !t is estimated the Germans already nave lost 50,000 men in their invasion a! Greece, column after column of troops supported by dive bombers (till were being hurled against Greek nd British lines today. The defend trs are greatly outnumbered. Officers of the allied command dmit the situation is serious but not Oopelcss. . The Germans' losses in their un teasing attempts to break thru the itubbornly defended passes have teen enormous and in many places their bodies are piled high. Serbians Die by Thousands in 'Massacre9 Army Surrenders BERLIN, April 18, Friday (P). Germany early today announced the unconditional capitulation of the remaining lighting units of the Jugo-SIav army and declared fighting had stopped on all Jugoslav fronts. The capitulation is effective at noon today, when weapons will be formally surrendered. Negotiations for the Jugo-Slavs to lay down their, arms were made exclusively with Serb military authorities. An 11 day military campaign brought Jugoslavia to unconditional surrender. When the battle started, the Jugo-Slavs boasted of an army 1,200,000 strong. BY ROBERT ST. JOHN. SOMEWHERE IN MONTENEGRO WITH THE REMNANTS OF THE JUGO-SLAV ARMY, April 16 Delayed via Athens (JP). For nine days I have ridden over most of Jugo-Slavia watching a gallant army try unsuc cessfully with rifles and oxen drawn artillery to fight off the ponderous mechanized forco of Adolf Hitler's panzer divisions and withstand mass air attacks. I have seen men, women, and chil dren lying by the hundreds in the debris of their homes after mass German air attacks on defenseless cities At least 10,000 died in . Belgrade alone. In one square I counted more than 200 bodies after the first raid on the capital. These civilians were ordered by the government not to clog the roads by wild--flight, but to die on their thresholds if necessary. And there they died. Communications Lacking. At no time in nine days' wander ing did I see masses of refugees flee ing bombed towns. The civilians did their part but the military did not have a chance. For almost from the first hour that the Germans attacked, the army was without communication. One division did not even know what the one next to it was doing. Individually, the Serbian army fought with great bravery, and inflicted heavy losses on the Germans In one day's attack the military re ported the destruction of 200 German tanks. But as the German drove their wedges into the country the fighting became hopeless. Koar of Bombing Planes. I say the Serbian army fought because in traveling about I have seen scores of Croatian deserters. And in the midst of the fighting official said the Croats had revolted in the north. An independent Croat state was set up. I was in Belgrade the morning the Germans attacked. I heard the sirens and the roar of the bombing planes, but the people who did not know the nation was at war stood in the streets and did not take shelter not that there were enough shelters even if they wanted to do so. It was a massacre. Bombs fell by the hundreds on help less civilians. Incendiaries started huge fires and the city was covered with a pall of smoke. My hotel was burned to the ground. The American, British, and Greek le gations were among the first buildings destroyed, as were most government buildings. Fires Kago Unchecked. Almost from the first raid there was no water and fires raged unchecked. Broken bodies dotted every street. For two days the bombing went on, leaving the city a shambles. With several companions I started after the government toward the Interior. We slept in ditches and barns, lived on handouts from the good peasants who' refused payment. Bombing planes continuously strafed villages and roads, but we arrived in Sarajevo in lime for another air blitzkrieg. The city where an assassination touched off the first great war was reduced to a mass of flaming wreckage. Traitors Shot Down. Smoke curled toward the towering mountains from the flaming minarets of Moslem churches which dot the city. Flimsy wooden sheds of the great bazar in the "most oriental city in Europe were a fiery mass after the first bombs dropped. From Sarajevo we ,went southwest into Montenegro on the Adriatic. Here wo ran into an abortive fifth column attempt which was nipped promptly by army leaders. Traitors were lined up against a wall and shot down. Unite to Stay Out of War, Lindbergh ARENA JAMMED; CROWD OF 4,000 STANDS OUTSIDE Great Ovation Given to Flyer. The text of Col. Lindbergh's address will be found on page 6. (Pictures on back page,) Speaking last night before nearly 10,000 persons jammed into the Chicago Arena, which has seats for only 8,000, and with an overflow of 4,000 listening to loudspeakers outside, Col. Charles A. Lindbergh delivered an earnest plea for Americans to unite and make their efforts to slay out of wnr effective. Col. 'Lindbergh spoke under the auspices of the America First commit-tee, which he has just joined, and urged all nonintorventionists to ally themselves with that organization. He expressed confidence that the United States is able to defend itself at home against any power, and that it can and should avoid the "chaos and failure " that would follow European involvement. 31 Bursts of Applause. Thirty-one times, by actual count,. Col. Lindberghr- was interrupted by great bursts of applauso in a talk of only 2,000 words. As he finished his hearers rose in a tribute that lasted several minutes. The crowd began gathering at 6 p. m., two hours before the scheduled time of the meeting, and the seats were all filled by 7:30 o'clock. A police detail of 70 men was present to handle the throng and direct traffic near the arena, which is at Erie street and McClurg' court. Among the principal points made by Lindbergh were: The United States is being led to war by a vociferous minority; if we can be forced into a war that four-fifths of the people oppose, democracy will be proved a failure at home; some sincere people are interventionists, but among this class are also groups whose prime object is to foment warfare, and it is not in our power now to win the war for England. Opposes Convoy Proposal. There was a chorus of loud " noes " when he mentioned that the interven tionists now demand that United Slates nayal vessels convoy war ma terials abroad. He urged that the fleet be kept intact and that "we stop sending most of our modern fighting planes abroad." Before his talk began a collection was taken up. A total was not announced. Gen. Robert E. Wood, national chairman of. America First, presided at the meeting. Ho snid that America First has had no connection with any subversive groups and has been " pro-American, first, last, and always." "We have left intolerance to the other side," he averred. "We believe every citizen has the right to express himself on any public question. The great majority don't want war." Name of Ickes Booed. Gen. Wood urged that strong efforts be made to persuade the senate to pass the anticonvoy bill already introduced, and predicted that as soon as convoying begins the "shooting war" must follow almost Immediately. Samuel B. Pettengill, a former congressman from Indiana, said He ob jected to Secretary of the Interior Ickes questioning the patriotism of men like Gen. Wood and Col. Lind bergh. A chorus of boos greeted the mention o Ickes. "The secretary is giving advice to everybody In the world but Joo Stalin," Pettengill said. "He hasn't criticized Big Joe yet."- Brig. Gen. Thomas S. Hammond spoke briefly. The meeting ended with the singing of "The Star Spangle'd Banner" by the audience. Beaverbrook on the Job After 2 Eye Operations LONDON, April 17 ().' Lord Beaverbrook, minister of aircraft production, was reported today "to be suffering considerable pain and inconvenience " from two eye operations, but still was on the job. His second operation was performed April Ut a month after his first. SOME S 1 tt WOOU? ONV.'Y worv HALF YHAT HARt IH TlN OF- . PEACE , WHAT A DToP.ft HE , COUU? PEVEIOP NEWS SUMMARY of the Tribune (And Historical Scrap Book) Friday, April 18, 1941. WAR SITUATION. With the Jugo-SIav army eye-witness story ot the collnpse of tho Serb army. Page 1. .ATHENS Greek troops forced by Germans to retreat. Page 1. LONDON Parliament to discuss British reverses. Page 6. VICHY French expect Nazi business from collaboration talks. Pago 7, CAIRO British capture 25 axis officers in Tobruk battle. Page 7. DOMESTIC. Harry Bridges linked to communists by a former Red. Page 2. Green signs bill creating a state de fense council. Pago 10. CIO announces it will file strike notice on General Motors. Page IS. EDITORIALS. Mr. Churchill Tells About 1918; Another Traction Crisis; Marx-Lenin Revised; Something Washington Forgot to Do. Page 14. THE WEATHER FRIDAY, APRrX. IS, 1911. Sunrise, 5.05. .Sunset, 6:31. Moon rises at 1:32 a. ni. tomorrow. Mara and Mercury - are morning stars. Jupiter and Saturn are evening stars. CHICAGO AND VICIKITT; Partly cloudy with an occasional shower or Ihundor-Btorm Friday and Saturday;, considerably cooler Saturday; moderate (o fresh southeast and south wind" Friday. ILLINOIS : Partly cloudy, scattered showcrB and thunderstorms Friday and Saturday:. consuieraDiy cooler Saturday. TEMmitATDBES IN CHICAGO For 21 hours ended 3 a. m. April 18: 3 a.m.. .45 1 a.m. ..45 5 n.m...44 fl a.m.., 44 7 a.m.. .43 8 a.m..flS 9 a.m.. 44 10 a.m.. 47 3 p.m.,57 O p.m..RU 10 p.m. .68 11 p.m.. 57 1 p.m. ..64 11 a.m.. 401 d p.m.. ,e: Noon.... f2 u p.m... no Mlcln't. .57 1 P.m.. 52 7 p.m.. 160 1 a.m.. nil 2 a.m.. 50 p.m.. 661 18 p.m... fid HIirhoBt. ILowcst. tunoflletnl, 7 p.m.-2 a.m For 31 hours ended at G:30 p. ni. April 17: Mean temperature, 60 degrees; normal, 4S deffrces; April excess, 01 degrees; excess since Jan. 1, 110 degrees. Precipitation, trace; April cxccbs, .02 of an inch: total since Jan. 1, 7.31 inches; deficiency sineo Jan. 1, .73 ol an inch. Highest wind velocity, 30 miles an hour . irom the west at 7:11 p, ni. IDetailed weather report on page 35.3 Totol outrage net pout ctrcuUtt'm MARCH, 1941 DAILY In XCCff ol 1,000,000 THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE DAY, MAYBE, HE'LL LEARN LOCAL. Lindbergh pleads for united action to stay out of war. Page 1. Doctor exposes $1,000,000 abortion syndicate; ends life. Pagel. More daylight time Is urged to cut accidents. rage 3. Gen. Dawes pays tribute to Lord Stamp, bomb victim. Pago 4. Census shows how population of Illinois is ageing. Page 10. Shooting in car reveals romance of refugee girl. Page 15. Deaths and obituaries. Page 31. WASHINGTON. Auto production to be cut 20 per cent for arms drive. Pagel. House committee approves bill to curb arms strikes. Pago I. New 3 billion tax bill aimed at nation's wago earners. ragoS, Doubts raised in house over White House denial of convoys. rage 8. SPOUTS. White Sox face Browns in home opener today. Pago 27, Only Novikoff, Stringer hit as Cubs lose, 7 to 2. i-ago27. Minneapolis bowler rolls 740; takes ABC singles lead. Page 27. Draft and defense employment create a shortage of caddies. Page 27. Vinco Dowd leaves Leo to coach at Loras college. rngo28. Yanks score 7 runs in fourth; bent A's, 9 to 4. ritgo29. Lombardl injured as Cards beat Reds again, 7 to 6. Pago 29. Root to pitch for Cubs today on first invasion of St. Louis. 'Pago 29. It's Whirlaway or Our Boots in Blue Grass stake. Page 30. . FEATURES. Crossword puzzle. Page 5, , Radio programs. Page 17. News of society. Page 23. Day by Day on the Farm. Page 32. COMMERCE AND FINANCE. Idle cash in banks expands,- but so do business loans. rago32. Union approves contract, but keeps coal mines closed. rgo 32. Industry tells government: "We're ready for bigger arms load." Pago 33. Small steel firms reported considering price freezing protest- Pago 33, Morgan Stanley asks SEC to exempt utility loan from bid rule. PngoSS, Aid. Linden terms amended slum bill valueless. Pago 33. Antitrust suits curb oil Industry efficiency, is charge. Pago 34. JVant ad index. Page 35, Doctor Bares Abortion Ring Then Kills Self Dr. Henry James Millstone, 44 years old, facing trial in Felony court on an abortion charge, Killed himseu in a hotel room yesterday as author! tics raided his of fice and home at 7502 Cottage Grove avenue and federal agents began an investiga tion of his Income tax returns. Dr. II. J. Millstone. .The physician took an overdose of a powerful drug and then, while waiting for tho poison to take effect, wrote letters to his bride, tiio coroner and the police. Tho dying man apparently continued writ ing until drowsiness forced the pen from his fingers. His body was found propped against pillows In bed in the room which he had rented under an assumed name Wednesday at tho Hotel Rienzi, 600 Diversey parkway. Exposes Million Dollar Syndicate. One of the letters, addressed to Sam Papanek, .assistant state's attorney in charge of sex cases, and Capt. Thomas Duffy of the Central police station, detailed the workings of what Mill stone called " the million dollar syndl cate" of loop abortionists, a ring already under investigation by authori ties. He added that the ring had framed him "to take the heat off them." Capt. Duffy said his men had been seeking Millstone all day in connection with a now abortion investigation, and had been told that Mill stone had an appointment for last evening in his office on Cottage Grove. Offices maintained by Millstone in the loop also were raided by police. Coroner A. L. Brodie and his chief investigator. Ollie Karwoski also are investigating Millstone'; death and affairs. Brldo Tells of Nervousness. Ills brldo o a month, the former Emily Ranus, who was freed in 1931 of adultery charges brought by Millstone's' first wife, Anne, against Mill stone and Miss Ranus, ills offico nurse, told police that Millstono had been nervous since his arrest recent ly, and' that he had stayed at the Croydon hotel, 616 Rush street, for a week p.rlor to last Saturday. She Continued on page- 2. column 3. Cut Motor Car Production to Aid Armament t Chicago Trlbnno Press Sen-Ice. Washington, D. C, April 17. Automobile and motor truck manufactur ers today agreed to cut production one-fifth beginning Aug. 1 as a measure to aid the national armament program. This announcement was made by William S. Knudsen, direct or of the Office William s. KnuOscn. (A. P. Wirephoto.i of Prod u c t i o n Management, who has been- working with leaders of the automobile indus try to effect tho curtailment in output. 1,000,000 Fewer Cars. It was estimated that the curtail ment will reduce the output ot au tomobiles and trucks by 1,000,000 within the 12 month period beginning next Aug. 1. Knudsen issued the following state ment: I have just concluded a meeting with the leaders of the entire automobile and truck producing industry, which I called to consider the growing defense production job that faces us. The entire industry willingly ac cepted an initial 20 per cent reduction In tho production of motor vehicles for the model year beginning Aug. 1 this year, in order to make available more man power, materials, facilities, and management for the defense load now being made ready. Tho reduction will amount to ap proximately 1,000,000 units." Action Long Expected. The decision had been expected for several months. In official circles as far back as six months ago it was said that either a voluntary or enforced cut in the number o automobiles and trucks being manufactured would be necessary as a defense measure. OPM representatives were also meeting with manufacturers of can making companies to discuss a reduc tion in the weight of the tin coating on cans. The federal officials asked whether a 17 per cent reduction might be made. Company representatives said a 10 per., cent reduction might be made safely for about 95 per calft, of all tin can uses, but held that a 17 per cent reduction would be too great. A saving of 5,000 to 7,500 tons of tin might be made annually by a 10 per cent reduction, company officials said. Total United States tin con sumption is 70,000 tons a year. U.S. TURNS OVER 4 SPEEDY CARGO SHIPS TO BRITISH Washington, D. C, April 17 P). The United States started making good today on President Roosevelt's promise to provide Great Britain Willi cargo ships by transferring four new high-speed freighters. The maritime commission an nounce three of the four vessels are being acquired from their American owners for immediate delivery to the British under the lcaso-lend law. The fourth, it was said, already has been turned over. They will bo registered under the British flag and will be manned entirely by British officers and crews. The vessels are the newly com ploted Robin Doncaster of tho Seas Shipping company Robin Line, the Almerla Lykes of tho Lykes Brothers Steamship company, the Exemplar of the American Export Lines, and the Nightingale of tho Grace Line. , The commission said the Robin Doncaster was turned over to the British at Baltimore soon after its completion, EXTRA DAYLIGHT! Chicagoans will receive a gift of 28 extra hours of daylight in October if the city council passes a pending ordinance to extend day-light saving time another month. Tom Walsh, national president of the Professional Golfers' association, said yesterday that the added 60 minutes per day of daylight would: 1. Provide time for a round of go.'f or o game of tennis for working pcoplo beforo dark. 2. Mean extra livelihood for thousands of workers and maintenance men connected with golf and other sports. See story on page J. Pleads ARMS STRIKERS' CURB APPROVED BYHOUSEGROUP Provides 'Cool Off and Mediation. BY CHESLY MANLY. LChlcaco Tribune Press Service.! Washington, D. C, April 17 A bill prohibiting strikes in armaments Industries until mediation efforts hava been tried during a so-called "cooling off " period was approved unanimously by the house naval affair committee today. The bill was the first restrictiva legislation to receive committee approval since members of congress began several weeks ago to express impatience with labor violence in preparedness industries and dillydallying by tho Roosevelt adminis tration. Representative Carl Vinson D., Ga., chairman of the naval affairs committee, introduced the bill, which was reported today and which is ex pected to pass the house. The legis lation also is believed to have a fairly good chance of passing the senate. Conciliation Steps Provided. Tho bill makes strikes and lock. outs in armaments industries unlawful until labor and management hav attempted in "good faith" to settle) any dispute by conference. If they nro unablo to reach an agreement. the controversy must go to the labor-department conciliation service for at least five days. If conciliation efforts fail, cither party to the dispute maj; take it to the National Labor Mediation board, which would have 20 dayj in which to seek a settlement. At the end of this period, the em ployes would be free to strike. Tha theory of the legislation, however, is that the' pressure of public opinion would compel compliance with the published recommendations of the mediation board. This has been the uniform experience of the railway labor mediation board. Penalties Are Included. For refusal to comply with the steps required by the bill, employes or employers could be fined not more than 51,000 and imprisoned for not more than one year. The bill contains a provision "freezing" tho existing open or closed shop status of all plants en gaged in army, navy, or other production related to the preparedness program. In other words, demands for a closed shop in plants where union and nonunion men now work together would not be recognized. The bill provides that any em ployer who has reason to believe that an employfi is a communist, Nazi, Fascist, bundist, or subversive agent of any kind, or affiliated with any subversive organization, may discharge that cmployfi. However, U the national mediation board subsequently finds that an employs was discharged without proper cause, the employer must reinstate him. Requires Workers' Affidavits. The bill requires all workers in armaments industries to make affi-davits swearing that they are not communists, bundists, Nazis, Fascists, or members of other subversive organizations. The house naval affairs reported the Vinson bill unanimously notwithstanding tho Insistence ot adminlstra lion officials beforo various committees of congress that no legislation is necessary to curb labor disturbances In armament industries. Administration spokesmen not only deplored legislative proposals but denied that communists or other subversive elements have taken anj; important part in strikes. Among those who took this position were Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, William H. Davis, vice chairman of the national mediation board and Sidney Hillman, associate director general and labor director of the Office of Production Management. Two Approve Principle. William S. Knudsen, director general of tho OPM, and Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox approved the principle ot the mandatory "cooling off" period but deferred to the administration's position that legislation Is not " necessary " at the present time. Knudsen and Knox testified today before the Truman senate committer created to investigate the armaments; program. 1
Clipped from Chicago Tribune, 18 Apr 1941, Fri, Page 1
18 Apr 1941, Fri • Page 1
18 Apr 1941, Fri • Page 1